Second Law of Thermodynamics

  • Bahman Zohuri
  • Patrick McDaniel


The second law stipulates that the total entropy of a system plus its environment cannot decrease; it can remain constant for a reversible process but must always increase for an irreversible process.

Supplementary material


  1. 1.
    M.C. Potter, W. Craig, Somerton, ‘Thermodynamics for Engineers’, Shaum’s Outline Series, 2nd edn. (McGraw Hill, New York, 2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Y.A. Cengel, M.A. Boles, Thermodynamics, an Engineering Approach, 6th edn. (McGraw Hill, Boston, 2008)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M.J. Moran, H.N. Shapiro, Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, 6th edn. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, 2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bahman Zohuri
    • 1
  • Patrick McDaniel
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Galaxy Advanced Engineering, Inc.University of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Nuclear EngineeringUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

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