Electrical System

  • Bahman Zohuri
  • Patrick McDaniel


It may seem unusual to insert a chapter on the electrical system in a text on thermodynamics, but after the energy generated is converted to electricity, it is still important to make the most efficient use of that electrical energy. There are two considerations that affect how efficiently the generated electrical energy is transmitted to the ultimate user or “load.” First the circuit must be balanced to deliver the maximum power to the load, and second the transmission voltage needs to be as high as possible to minimize transmission line losses. Both requirements will be explained below, and a short discussion of the electrical grid will follow to describe how the electrical energy is actually delivered to the consumer.


  1. 1.
    International Atomic Energy Agency, Electric Grid Reliability and Interface with Nuclear Power Plants, IAEA Nuclear Energy Series No. NG-T-3.8 (IAEA, Vienna, 2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bahman Zohuri
    • 1
  • Patrick McDaniel
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Galaxy Advanced Engineering, Inc.University of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Nuclear EngineeringUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

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