A Rather Unusual History

  • Mauro Gallegati
Part of the New Economic Windows book series (NEW)


As we have seen, the marginal revolution of Jevons, Menger and Walras is based on Newton’s physics, that is, on mechanistic determinism, in which cause–effect relationships are believed to be true, while statistical physics takes its first steps (the economists’ equilibrium is consequently a state of quiescence in which every single agent is in equilibrium and not, as in statistical physics, a statistical equilibrium in which the single entities may not be, but the totality is). It’s the affirmation of methodological individualism, namely, of the methodology that sees every agent acting in its own individual interest, without bothering about what the other agents do. In economics, this is known as the lack of strategy principle. In real life, as stupidity.


Agent-based economics Complexity Gödel theorems versus axiomatic economics Keynes Interaction and emergence 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mauro Gallegati
    • 1
  1. 1.Università Politecnica delle MarcheAnconaItaly

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