This is the go-to guide for invasive and noninvasive ventilation for the non-intensivist. From the crashing asthmatic to the patient requiring titration of their ventilator, this chapter sets you up for success in the pre- and post-intubation period for the pediatric respiratory failure patient. The DOPES mnemonic is a quick hit that everyone must know when your ventilated patient acutely deteriorates in order to troubleshoot and quickly correct their decompensation.
Noninvasive ventilation Tidal volume Airway Aspiration Pulmonary edema Bronchiolitis Status asthmaticus Pneumothorax High-flow nasal cannula CPAP BiPAP Respiratory failure or insufficiency Airway obstruction Respiratory distress Types of ventilator support Volume control Pressure support Pressure control Synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) DOPES
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