Advertisement

Strength and Seismic Performance Factors of Post-tensioned Masonry Walls

  • Reza Hassanli
Chapter
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

In this chapter, the behavior of PT-MWs is investigated using a database of tested walls. The accuracy of ignoring elongation of PT bars which is considered in the current masonry standard joint committee (MSJC in Building code requirements for masonry structures, ACI 530/ASCE 5, TMS 402, American Concrete Institute, Detroit, 2013) code in evaluating the strength of PT-MWs is studied using the available test results. Using the experimental results, the structural response parameters including ductility, response modification factor and displacement amplification factor are determined for different types of walls including fully grouted, partially grouted, ungrouted walls, walls with confinement plates, walls with supplemental mild steel and walls with an opening.

References

  1. ASCE (2010) Minimum design loads for buildings and other structures. Standard ASCE/SEI 7-10, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VAGoogle Scholar
  2. Asgarian B, Shokrgozar HR (2009) BRBF response modification factor. J Constr Steel Res 65(2):290–298Google Scholar
  3. ATC-40 (1996) Seismic evaluation and retrofit of concrete buildings. Applied Technology Council, report ATC-40. Redwood City, 8–31Google Scholar
  4. Bean J (2007) Mechanics and behavior of slender, post-tensioned masonry walls to transverse loading. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Minnesota, Minnesota, MN, USAGoogle Scholar
  5. ElGawady MA, Sha’lan A (2011) Seismic behavior of self-centering precast segmental bridge bents. J Bridge Eng ASCE 16(3):328–339Google Scholar
  6. ElGawady MA, Booker AJ, Dawood H (2010) Seismic behavior of post-tensioned concrete-filled fiber tubes. J Compos Const, ASCE 14(5):616–628Google Scholar
  7. Erkmen B, Schultz AE (2009) Self-centering behavior of unbonded precast concrete shear walls. J Earthq Eng 13(7):1047–1064Google Scholar
  8. Ewing B (2008) Performance of post-tensioned clay brick masonry walls with openings. Ph.D. thesis, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USAGoogle Scholar
  9. Fajfar P (2002) Structural analysis in earthquake engineering—a breakthrough of simplified non-linear methods. In: 12th European conference on earthquake engineering, Elsevier, London, UK, Paper reference 843, ElsevierGoogle Scholar
  10. FEMA P695 (2009) Quantification of building seismic performance factors. Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  11. H-18-8 (2013) VA seismic design requirement, U.S. department of Veterans Affairs, Office of construction and facilities managementGoogle Scholar
  12. IBC (2009) International building code. International Code Council, Inc. (formerly BOCA, ICBO and SBCCI) vol 4051, pp 60478–65795Google Scholar
  13. Laursen PPT (2002) Seismic analysis and design of post-tensioned concrete masonry walls. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New ZealandGoogle Scholar
  14. Lissel SL, Shrive NG (2003) Construction of diaphragm walls post-tensioned with carbon fiber reinforced polymer tendons. In: Proceedings of the 9th North American Masonry conference (9NAMC), Clemson, SC, USA, pp 192–203Google Scholar
  15. Masonry Standards Joint Committee (MSJC) (2013) Building code requirements for masonry structures, ACI 530/ASCE 5, TMS 402. American Concrete Institute, DetroitGoogle Scholar
  16. Mitchell D, Tremblay R, Karacabeyli E, Paultre P, Saatcioglu M, Anderson DL (2003) Seismic force modification factors for the proposed 2005 edition of the National Building Code of Canada. Can J Civil Eng 30(2):308–327Google Scholar
  17. Nassar AA, Krawinkler H (1991) Seismic demands for SDOF and MDOF systems. John A. Blume Earthquake Engineering Center, Department of Civil Engineering, Stanford University, California, USAGoogle Scholar
  18. Newmark NM, Hall WJ (1982) Earthquake spectra and design. Technical Report, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Berkeley, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  19. Page A, Huizer A (1988) Racking behavior of pre-stressed and reinforced hollow masonry walls. Masonry Int 2(3):97–102Google Scholar
  20. Priestley M, Elder D (1983) Stress-strain curves for unconfined and confined concrete masonry. ACI J Proc 80(3):192–201Google Scholar
  21. Riddell R, Hidalgo P, Cruz E (1989) Response modification factors for earthquake resistant design of short period buildings. Earthq Spectra 5(3):571–590Google Scholar
  22. Rosenboom OA (2002) Post-tensioned clay brick masonry walls for modular housing in seismic regions. M.S. thesis, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USAGoogle Scholar
  23. Rosenboom OA, Kowalsky MJ (2004) Reversed in-plane cyclic behavior of post-tensioned clay brick masonry walls. J Struct Eng 130(5):787–798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ryu D, Wijeyewickrema A, ElGawady M, Madurapperuma MAKM (2014) Effects of tendon spacing on in-plane behavior of post-tensioned masonry walls. J Struct Eng 140(4),CID:04013096Google Scholar
  25. Schmidt B, Bartlett F (2002) Review of resistance factor for steel: data collection. Can J Civ Eng 29(1):98–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Schultz AE, Scolforo MJ (1991) An overview of pre-stressed masonry. TMS J Masonry Soc 10(1):6–21Google Scholar
  27. Scott BD, Park R, Priestley MJN (1982) Stress-strain behavior of concrete confined by overlapping hoops at low and high strain rates. ACI J 79(1):13–27Google Scholar
  28. Shrive NG (1988) Post-tensioned masonry-status & prospects. In: The Canadian society for civil engineering—annual conference, Calgary, Canada, pp 679–606Google Scholar
  29. Uang CM (1991) Establishing R (or Rw) and cd factors for building seismic provisions. J Struct Eng 117(1):19–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Uang C, Maarouf A (1994) Deflection amplification factor for seismic design provisions. J Struct Eng 120(8):2423–2436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Vidic T, Fajfar P, Fischinger M (1994) Consistent inelastic design spectra: strength and displacement. Earthq Eng Struct Dynam 23(5):507–521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Watanabe G, Kawashima K (2004) An evaluation of the displacement amplification factors for seismic design of bridges. In: First international conference on urban Earthquake engineering, Center for Urban Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, JapanGoogle Scholar
  33. Wight GD (2006) Seismic performance of a post-tensioned concrete masonry wall system. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New ZealandGoogle Scholar
  34. Wight GD, Ingham JM (2008) Tendon stress in unbonded post-tensioned masonry walls at nominal in-plane strength. J Struct Eng 134(6):938–946CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wu Y (2008) Development of precast concrete and steel hybrid special moment-resisting frames. Ph.D. thesis, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USAGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Natural and Built EnvironmentUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia

Personalised recommendations