Advertisement

HUNCH 1972: A Second Experiment in Sketch Recognition or: ‘I Know the Concept of Your Concept of Interpolation’

  • Liss C. Werner
Conference paper

Abstract

James Taggart developed the sketch recognition system HUNCH at MIT in 1972. Rather than the user trying to understand the software in order to progress a drawing, in the case of HUNCH, the software observed the user sketching. It enabled a conversation between user and software through the sketch as a medium. HUNCH was one component of the Architecture Machine, created in the Architecture Machine Group (Arch Mac), run by Nicholas Negroponte at MIT between 1967 and 1985 and a brainchild of cross-fertilization between architecture, computer sciences and cybernetics in the early 1970s. One of HUNCHs objectives was to enable even the layman to ‘design’ a dream home. The paper presents HUNCH’s concept as AI-equipped ‘partner’ for the architect, designer or layman.

Keywords

HUNCH Sketch recognition Drawing Cybernetics Architecture machine group Graphical interface Gordon Pask 

References

  1. Brown GS (1969) The laws of form. George Allen & Unwin Lrd, LondonzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. Foerster Hv (1979) Cybernetics of cybernetics. In: Krippendorf K (ed) Communication and control. Gordon and Breach, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Lynn G (2013) Archaeology of the digital. Sternberg Press, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  4. Mead M (1968) Cybernetics of cybernetics. In: Foerster H, Peterson LJ, Russel JK (eds) Purposive systems: proceedings of the first annual symposium of the American Society for Cybernetics. Spartan Books, pp 1–11Google Scholar
  5. Mitchell WJ (1972) Environmental design: research and practice, volumes one and two. In: Mitchell WJ (ed) Environmental Design Research Association and AIA-Architect-Researchers annual conference, University of California, Los Angeles. Environmental Design Research AssociationGoogle Scholar
  6. Moore GT (1972) Conceptual issues in the study of environmental cognition. An introduction. In: Mitchell WJ (ed) Environmental Design Research Association and AIA-Architect-Researchers annual conference, University of California, Los Angeles. Environmental Design Research AssociationGoogle Scholar
  7. Negroponte N (1973) Recent advances in sketch recognition. In: Proceedings of the national computer conference and exposition, 4–8 June 1973. ACM, pp 663–675Google Scholar
  8. Negroponte N (1975) Soft architecture machine. The MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  9. Negroponte N, Groisser LB, Taggart J (1972) HUNCH: an experiment in sketch recognition. In: Mitchell WJ (ed) Environmental Design Research Association and AIA-Architect-Researchers annual conference, University of California, Los Angeles. Environmental Design Research AssociationGoogle Scholar
  10. Pask G (1976) Conversaton theory—applications in education and epistomolgy. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  11. Shah DK (1974) Computer may build a house next. Chicago TribuneGoogle Scholar
  12. Simon HA (1996) The sciences of the artificial. MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  13. Stiny G (2006) Shape: talking about seeing and doing. MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  14. Sutherland IE (1964) Sketchpad a man-machine graphical communication system. Trans Soc Comput Simul 2:R-3–R-20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Vardouli T (2011) Nicholas Negroponte: an interview [Online]. Open|architectures: computational making group. MIT Architecture. Accessed 10 Jan 2018Google Scholar
  16. Werner LC (forthcoming) The origins of design cybernetics. In: Fischer T, Herr CM (eds) Design cybernetics: navigating the new. SpringerGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Technical University BerlinBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations