Small-Size Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries: An Environmental Sustainability Analysis via LCA

  • Pasqua L’AbbateEmail author
  • Michele Dassisti
  • Abdul G. Olabi
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Electrical energy production from renewable sources has dramatically grown in the recent years in the developed countries, putting the hard problem to be solved of supply discontinuity. How to reach high efficiency and reliability of electrical energy storage system is thus now one of the most challenging goals to be reached: among all, one of the most simple and widespread to use is the electrochemical storage systems. This paper analyzes the sustainability of a small vanadium redox flow battery performed by an LCA approach. This electrical energy storage system was selected for its significant advantages in use, such as the almost infinite lifetime of the vanadium electrolytes, which represent a potentially significant advantage in terms of a sustainable future made of less fossil fuels and more renewable energy. In fact, the LCA analysis performed shows that the production of the battery has a moderate impact, including the effect toxicity while at the end of life, the material and the electrolyte are completely reusable with a small fraction that goes to landfill disposal.


Vanadium redox flow battery LCA Electrical energy storage Renewable energy sources Sustainability 



The authors acknowledge Duferco Project from Inreslab s.c.a.r.l. Monopoli for partially supporting the present analysis. This work  has been published under the moral patronage of the SOSTENERE group of the AITEM (


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pasqua L’Abbate
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michele Dassisti
    • 2
  • Abdul G. Olabi
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Civil, Environmental, Building Engineering and ChemistryPolytechnic of BariBariItaly
  2. 2.Department of Mechanics, Management and MathematicsPolytechnic University of BariBariItaly
  3. 3.Sustainable and Renewable Energy EngineeringUniversity of SharjahSharjahUAE
  4. 4.Mechanical Engineering and Design, School of Engineering and Applied ScienceAston UniversityBirminghamUK

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