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Glass for Thermoelectric Applications

  • António Pereira GonçalvesEmail author
  • Elsa Branco Lopes
  • Gaëlle Delaizir
Chapter
Part of the Springer Handbooks book series (SHB)

Abstract

Thermoelectric materials, which are characterized by their figure of merit \(zT\), are able to convert heat into electricity and inversely, they can produce a heat gradient from a potential gradient. In this chapter, chalcogenide glasses that exhibit low glass transition temperature (\(T_{\mathrm{g}}\)) as well as very low thermal conductivity are envisaged as potential thermoelectric materials for room temperature applications up to \({\mathrm{100}}\,{\mathrm{{}^{\circ}\mathrm{C}}}\). Even if they do not compete with their crystalline counterparts, such as \(\mathrm{Bi_{2}Te_{3}}\), in this range of temperature (mainly because of their high resistivity) some strategies are proved to be efficient to increase the \(zT\) value of these materials. For example, adding a metallic element (Cu), partially crystallizing the glassy matrix or considering composite materials are ways to reach this goal.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Nuclear Sciences and TechnologiesInstituto Superior Técnico, University of LisbonBobadelaPortugal
  2. 2.Institute of Research for Ceramics (IRCER)LimogesFrance

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