Optimizing the Efficiency, Vulnerability and Robustness of Road-Based Para-Transit Networks Using Genetic Algorithm

  • Briane Paul V. SamsonEmail author
  • Gio Anton T. Velez
  • Joseph Ryan Nobleza
  • David Sanchez
  • Jan Tristan Milan
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10860)


In the developing world, majority of people usually take para-transit services for their everyday commutes. However, their informal and demand-driven operation, like making arbitrary stops to pick up and drop off passengers, has been inefficient and poses challenges to efforts in integrating such services to more organized train and bus networks. In this study, we devised a methodology to design and optimize a road-based para-transit network using a genetic algorithm to optimize efficiency, robustness, and invulnerability. We first generated stops following certain geospatial distributions and connected them to build networks of routes. From them, we selected an initial population to be optimized and applied the genetic algorithm. Overall, our modified genetic algorithm with 20 evolutions optimized the 20% worst performing networks by 84% on average. For one network, we were able to significantly increase its fitness score by 223%. The highest fitness score the algorithm was able to produce through optimization was 0.532 from a score of 0.303.


Complex networks Network optimization Genetic algorithm 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.De La Salle UniversityManilaPhilippines
  2. 2.Future University HakodateHakodateJapan

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