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Tolerance Mechanisms of Rice to Arsenic Stress

  • Shahida Shaheen
  • Qaisar Mahmood
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 53)

Abstract

Arsenic (As) has been found to be allied part of various minerals like iron, oxides/hydroxides of aluminum, manganese, and sulfides in the earth crust. The toxicity caused by As in soil can affect paddy crop because the associated risk of As human health is mainly owed to the bioavailable species of As. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a most common staple food in Asia and worldwide which uptakes and accumulates As in it. The understanding of arsenic (As) biogeochemical cycle in paddy soils is very important which is related with the mobility, solubility, and bioaccessibility of this heavy metal. Rhizosphere of paddy soil becomes favorable for the oxidation of to AsIII to AsV due to the release of oxygen from roots of rice plants, development of iron plaque, and oxidation activities of rhizobacteria. Reductive dissolution of arsenopyrite discharges As(V) into groundwater, whereas dissolution of claudetite produces As(III). The article aimed to discuss the As uptake and its metabolism by rice plants when encountered with As contamination.

Keywords

Arsenic Soils As uptake As metabolism Toxicity 

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shahida Shaheen
    • 1
  • Qaisar Mahmood
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesCOMSATS UniversityAbbottabadPakistan

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