Panorama of Psychology in Latin America
This introductory chapter presents a panoramic vision of psychology in Latin America. It includes historical and conceptual aspects of the training at the undergraduate and graduate level. It affirms that psychology in Latin America has been previously characterized by scientific orientation, dependency, lack of sufficient originality, a conflict between social relevance and political activism, emphasis on applied issues, and emphasis on work with human beings. Latin-American psychology as a science and as a profession has been isolated from international developments during the larger part of its history. Psychology in Latin America is a discipline with many active research centers, university training programs at the undergraduate and graduate level, journals, practical applications, professional developments, social impact, and original work carried out in many of the countries of the region. The first psychology training programs in Latin America began in 1946 (Chile) and in 1947 (Colombia) and a few year latter in other countries. However, Latin-American psychology has been isolated, with scarce participation in International Congresses of Psychology (IUPsyS), International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP), APA conventions, etc. Few international psychological events have been held in the region. Reasons will be presented to explain that isolation and possible solutions will be suggested.
KeywordsLatin America Development Research Profession Internationalization
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