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Actinopterygians: Head, Jaws and Muscles

  • Alessia Huby
  • Eric ParmentierEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Fascinating Life Sciences book series (FLS)

Abstract

This chapter is targeted to a broad scientific audience such as students and non-specialists who would like to explore and understand the diversity of the head, jaws and cranial muscles encountered within the large class of ray-finned fishes (Actinopterygii). Actinopterygians are a wide group of bony fishes including more than 30,000 species, which means that it is obviously not possible to carry out a case-by-case assessment or to condense the subject in a few pages. Therefore, we have described the role of the musculoskeletal elements of the head occurring during breathing and feeding in a ray-finned fish representative of the group, as well as we have demonstrated that the actinopterygian skull is truly distinctive among vertebrates. We have also tried to explain the main information concerning the diversification and evolution of the jaws and muscles of the five extant actinopterygian lineages with more specificities on teleostean fishes which are the most diverse and advanced clade.

Keywords

Actinopterygii Ray-finned fishes Head Jaws Muscles Diversity Anatomy Function Biomechanics Evolution 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Functional and Evolutionary MorphologyUniversity of Liège, Quartier Agora, Institut de ChimieLiègeBelgium

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