Advertisement

Asian Experience

  • Muffazal Lakdawala
  • Aparna Govil Bhasker
Chapter

Abstract

With the emergence of capitalism and rise of romantic consumerism, currently the wheels of industry are spinning faster than ever. From being a disturbed and deprived region in the past, Asia has steadily risen in the global economic growth chart. This newfound affluence has led to a lot of positive changes in the arena of healthcare in terms of increased life expectancy, a significant decrease in child mortality, and reduction in infectious diseases. The standard of living of an average Asian today is much higher as compared to 50 years ago, and the caloric intake of an ordinary Asian today is easily double or triple of those consumed by his ancestors. This has tilted the scales toward obesity, and as we battle malnutrition on one end, most Asian countries today are facing a concomitant epidemic of obesity and related disorders especially type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Keywords

Bariatric surgery Metabolic surgery Asia Single incision surgery Low BMI surgery History 

References

  1. 1.
    Ng M, Fleming T, Robinson M, et al. Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. 2014;384(9945):766–81.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lakdawala M, Bhasker A. Asian Consensus Meeting on Metabolic Surgery (ACMOMS). Report: Asian Consensus Meeting on Metabolic Surgery. Recommendations for the use of bariatric and gastrointestinal metabolic surgery for treatment of obesity and type ii diabetes mellitus in the asian population: August 9th and 10th, 2008, Trivandrum. Obes Surg. 2010 20(7):929–36.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kasama K, Mui W, Lee WJ, et al. IFSO-APC consensus statements 2011. Obes Surg. 2012;22(5):677–84.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Remedios C, Bhasker AG, Dhulla N, et al. Bariatric nutrition guidelines for the Indian population. Obes Surg. 2016;26(5):1057–68.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Angrisani L, Santonicola A, Iovino P, et al. Bariatric surgery worldwide 2013. Obes Surg. 2015;25(10):1822–32.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kasama K, Tagaya N, Kanehira E, et al. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with duodenojejunal bypass: technique and preliminary results. Obes Surg. 2009;19(10):1341–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mui WL-M, Lee DW-H, Lam KK-Y. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with loop bipartition: a novel metabolic operation in treating obese type II diabetes mellitus. Int J Surg Case Rep. 2014;5(2):56–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Huang CK, Houng JY, Chiang CJ, et al. Single incision transumbilical laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: a first case report. Obes Surg. 2009;19(12):1711–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lakdawala M, Agarwal A, Dhar S, et al. Single-incision sleeve gastrectomy versus laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. A 2-year comparative analysis of 600 patients. Obes Surg. 2015;25(4):607–14.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Neel JV. Diabetes mellitus: a ‘thrifty’ genotype rendered detrimental by ‘progress’? Am J Hum Genet. 1962;14:353–62.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yajnik CS. Obesity epidemic in India: intrauterine origins? Proc Nutr Soc. 2004;63:387–96.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bavdekar A, Yajnik CS, Fall CHD, et al. The insulin resistance syndrome [IRS] in eight-year old Indian children: small at birth, big at 8 years or both? Diabetes. 2000;48:2422–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ko GTC, Tang JSF. Waist circumference and BMI cut-off based on 10-year cardiovascular risk: evidence for central pre-obesity. Obesity. 2007;15:2832–40.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Asia Pacific Cohort Studies Collaboration. The burden of overweight and obesity in the Asia-Pacific region. Obes Rev. 2007;8:191–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhao W, Zhai Y, Hu J, Wang J, Yang Z, Kong L, Chen C. Economic burden of obesity-related chronic diseases in Mainland China. Obes Rev. 2008;9:62–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ikramuddin S, Korner J, Lee WJ, et al. Durability of addition of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass to lifestyle intervention and medical management in achieving primary treatment goals for uncontrolled type 2 diabetes in mild to moderate obesity: a randomized control trial. Diabetes Care. 2016;39(9):1510–8.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muffazal Lakdawala
    • 1
  • Aparna Govil Bhasker
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Bariatric Surgery and Lap OncosurgerySaifee HospitalMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Bariatric SurgeonGlobal and Apollo HospitalsMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations