Teratoma: Sacrococcygeal and Cervical

  • Olivier Reinberg


Extragonadal teratoma is generally located all along the midline. They are found in decreasing incidence in the sacrococcygeal region (40%), pineal region (13.3%), cervical (13.1%), palatine and nasopharyngeal region (8%), heart (7.5%), stomach (2.6%), mediastinum (2.6%), orbits (2.4%), face (1.5%), placenta (1.5%), and other very rare locations (3%) [1]. Today with the improvement of ultrasounds (US), the diagnosis is done prenatally. Sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) although the commonest germ-cell tumor in children is a rare fetal anomaly. The majority present at birth as an external sacral mass; however, some intrapelvic SCT may be unapparent. A final paragraph will treat of the 10% cervical teratoma concerning the neck, the nasopharynx and/or the oropharynx.


Sacrococcygeal teratoma Epidemiology Ultrasounds Fetal surgery Hydrops fetalis Cleft lip and palate Currarino Limb anomalies Vascular disruption Alfa-fetoprotein HCG Prenatal diagnosis Stem cells Germ-cell tumors Malignancy Fetus in fetu Cesarean section EXIT Complications Bowel function Soiling Constipation Urinary incontinence 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olivier Reinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric SurgeryLausanneSwitzerland

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