Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Sarcoma

  • Sandra P. D’AngeloEmail author
  • Ciara M. Kelly


Immunotherapy is now recognized as an effective therapeutic option for many cancer types. Checkpoint inhibitors targeting PD-1, PD-L1, and CTLA-4 have emerged as pivotal agents in the paradigm shift that we have witnessed in cancer management. The FDA has approved many of these agents to treat a variety of cancers including melanoma, lung cancer, renal and bladder cancer to name but a few. Research examining the role of immunotherapy in the management of sarcoma is in its infancy. To date, a limited number of early phase clinical trials have been performed in patients with advanced sarcoma. These studies focused on incorporating checkpoint inhibition as monotherapy or doublet therapy. Ongoing immunotherapy trials in sarcoma are investigating checkpoint inhibition in combination with small molecule therapies, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or other immunotherapy agents targeting different aspects of the immune system. This chapter reviews the literature surrounding the safety and efficacy of checkpoint inhibition in treating sarcomas and explores novel immunotherapeutic strategies incorporating checkpoint inhibition that may be considered in sarcoma.


Sarcoma Checkpoint inhibition CTLA-4 Blockade PD-1/PD-L1 blockade Combination immunotherapy 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Weill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA

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