Geographical Information Systems and Textual Sources

  • Laura L PatersonEmail author
  • Ian N Gregory


This chapter introduces readers to Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and the methodological assumptions which underpin their use. GIS is a highly effective and well-established way of representing quantitative data, but it is thought to be unsuitable for unstructured textual data. This chapter details how a bridge can be built between GIS and texts using techniques from Natural Language Processing. We introduce the process of geoparsing and show how to use gazeteers to mark-up texts, before problematizing how space can be represented.


GIS NLP Geoparsing Gazeteers Textual data 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Languages and Applied LinguisticsThe Open UniversityMilton KeynesUK
  2. 2.HistoryUniversity of LancasterLancasterUK

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