Nuclear Hydrogen Production Plants

  • Bahman Zohuri


Hydrogen is an environmentally friendly energy carrier that, unlike electricity, can be stored in large quantities. It can be converted into electricity in fuel cells, with only heat and water as by-products. It is also compatible witdecreases sharply with temperature. At ah combustion turbines and reciprocating engines to produce power with near-zero emission of pollutants, as discussed in Chap.  2 and  3. Therefore, hydrogen could play a major role in energy systems and serve all sectors of the economy, substituting for fossil fuels and helping mitigate global warming. The quest for better and cheaper production of this clean substance for consumption is an important task for engineers and scientists, who are working toward zero emissions and a decarbonized environment for the present and future generations.


  1. 1.
    C. Hongli, W. Yican, S. Konishi, J. Hayward, High temperature DEMO blanket concept for hydrogen production, 8th international symposium on fusion nuclear technology (ISFNT-8). ProceedingsGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Y. Bilge, M.S. Kazimi, Efficiency of hydrogen production systems using alternative nuclear energy technologies, International Association for Hydrogen Energy (Published by Elsevier Ltd, 2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    B. Zohuri, Small modular reactors as renewable energy sources, 1st edn. (Springer Publishing Company, 2018)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. Zohuri, P. McDaniel, Combined cycle driven efficiency for next generation nuclear power plants: an innovative design approach, 2nd edn. (Springer Publishing Company, 2018)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. Zohuri, P. McDaniel, C.R.E. de Oliveira, Advanced nuclear open air-Brayton cycles for highly efficient power conversion. Nucl. Technol. 192 (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Zohuri, P. McDaniel, C.R.E. de Oliveira, A comparison of a recuperated open cycle (air) Brayton power conversion system with the traditional steam Rankine cycle for the next generation nuclear power plant (ANS Transactions, 2014)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P.J. McDaniel, C.R.E. de Oliveira, B. Zohuri, J. Cole, A Combined Cycle Power Conversion System for the Next Generation Nuclear Power Plant (ANS Transactions, 2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    P.J. McDaniel, B. Zohuri, C.R.E. de Oliveira, A combined cycle power conversion system for small modular LMFBRs, in ANS Transactions, (2014)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Technical Evaluation Study, Project No. 23843, Nuclear-Integrated Hydrogen Production. The INL is a U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratory Analysis, 05/15/10Google Scholar
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    INL/EXT-09-16326 Feasibility study of hydrogen production at existing nuclear power plants, electric transportation applicationsGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    B. Zohuri, Combined cycle driven efficiency for next generation nuclear power plants: an innovative design approach (Springer Publishing Company, 2015)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    B. Zohuri, Innovative open-air Brayton combined cycle systems for the next generation nuclear power plants (University of New Mexico Publications, 2014)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. Forsberg, P. McDaniel, B. Zohuri, Variable electricity and steam from salt, helium, and sodium cooled base-load reactors with gas turbines and heat storage, Proceedings of ICAPP 2015 May 03–06, 2015 – Nice (France) Paper 15115Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Report on “Summary of electrolytic hydrogen production”, 2004Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Mintz, J. Gillette, H2A delivery scenario model and analysis, Argonne National Laboratory, February 8, 2005Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. W. Melaina, O. Antonia, and M. Penev, Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues. Technical Report NREL/TP-5600-51995 March 2013Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    J.M. Ohi, Hydrogen codes and standards: an overview of U.S. DOE Activities, WHEC 16/13–16 June 2006 – Lyon, FranceGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    G.E. Besenbruch, L.C. Brown, J.F. Funk, S.K. Showalter, High efficiency generation of hydrogen fuels using nuclear power, GA Project 30047 September 2000Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    NUREG-0800, 2.2.1–2.2.2, Rev. 3, March 2007Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    International Energy Outlook 2000: .DOE/EIA-0484 (2000)]. The Energy Information Administration of the Department of Energy (
  23. 23.
    Annual Energy Outlook 2000 With Projections to 2020: DOE/EIA-0383 (2000). The Energy Information Administration of the Department of Energy (
  24. 24.
    Analysis of the impacts of an early start for compliance with the Kyoto Protocol: SR/OIAF/99–02. The Energy Information Administration of the Department of Energy (
  25. 25.
    Impacts of the Kyoto Protocol on U.S. energy markets and economic activity: SR/OIAF/98–03. The Energy Information Administration of the Department of Energy (
  26. 26.
    C. B Davis, R. B Barner, S. R Sherman, D. F Wilson, Thermal-hydraulic analyses of heat transfer fluid requirements and characteristics for coupling a hydrogen product plant to a high-temperature nuclear reactor, The INL is a U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratory operated by Battelle Energy Alliance, June 2005Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Nuclear Energy Series No. NP-T-42 Report, Hydrogen production using nuclear energyGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    PF. Peterson, Intermediate heat exchanger dynamic thermal response model, Eugenio Urquiza Fernández U.C. Berkeley Report UCBTH-07-006 August 31, 2007Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    F.P. Per, H. Zhao, G. Fukuda U.C. Berkeley Report UCBTH-03-004 December 5, 2003Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    B. Zohuri, Thermal-hydraulic analysis of nuclear reactors, 2nd edn. (Springer Publishing Company, 2017)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
  32. 32.
    K. Vernondern, T. Nishihara, Valuation of the safety concept of the combined nuclear/chemical complex for hydrogen production with HTTR, JUEL-4135. 2004Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    S.H. Crandall, N.C. Dahl, T.J. Lardner, An introduction to the mechanics of solids, 2nd edn. (McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1972)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    S.J. Dewson, B. Thonon, The development of high efficiency heat exchangers for helium gas cooled reactors, in Paper 3213, ICAPP03, (2003)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Dostal, V., M. J. Driscoll, P. Hejzlar, A supercritical carbon dioxide cycle for next generation nuclear reactors, MIT-ANP-TR-100, 2004Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Krieth, F., Principles of heat transfer, International Textbook Company, Scranton. General Atomics, 1996, Gas Turbine-Modular Helium Reactor (GT-MHR) Conceptual Design Description Report, GA Project No. 7658, 910720 Revision 1, July 1996 (1964)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    W.M. Kayes, M.E. Crawford, Convective heat and mass transfer, 2nd edn. (McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1980)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    B. Zohuri, P.J. McDaniel, Thermodynamics in nuclear power plant systems, Published by Springer Publishing Company, 2014Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    R.B. Bird, W.E. Stewart, E.N. Lightfoot, Transport phenomena (Wiley, New York, 1960)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    S. Glasstone and A. Sesonske, Nuclear reactor engineering, Published by D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc. (1967)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
  42. 42.
    R. E. Mizia, Next generation nuclear plant intermediate heat exchanger acquisition strategy, INL/EXT-08-14054, 2008Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Sabharwall P., E. S. Kim, M. McKellar, N. Anderson, M. Patterson, Process heat exchanger options for the advanced high temperature reactor INL/EXT-11-21584 Revision 1, Idaho National Laboratory June 2011Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Sabharwall, P., and E. S. Kim, Fluoride High Temperature Reactor Integration with Industrial Process Applications , Idaho National Laboratory, TEV-1160, 2011Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Diehl, H. and E. Bodman, Alloy 800 Specifications in Compliance with Component Requirements, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 171, pp. 63–70, 1990Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bahman Zohuri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringGalaxy Advanced Engineering Inc., University of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

Personalised recommendations