Epidemiology of Hepatitis B

  • Natalia Pshenichnaya
  • Vladimir Chulanov
  • Hakan Leblebicioglu


In this chapter the global distribution and contemporary trends of the prevalence of hepatitis B in the different regions of the world were described. Analysis of the relationship between HBV prevalence and income, also vaccination campaign of infants and children under 5 years old, is presented. Specific attention was paid on the distribution of hepatitis B among risk groups (intravenous drug users, men who have sex with men, indigenous peoples and minorities, prisoners, migrants, blood donors, health-care workers, coinfection with HIV infection and hepatitis C). Gaps and problems in the study of hepatitis B epidemiology and prophylaxis and future trends and prognosis of the spread of HBV in the world are discussed.


Hepatitis B virus Epidemiology Seroprevalence Burden of disease Distribution Group risk Income Vaccination campaign 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalia Pshenichnaya
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vladimir Chulanov
    • 3
  • Hakan Leblebicioglu
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Infectious DiseasesRostov State Medical UniversityRostov-on-DonRussia
  2. 2.Department of Infectious Diseases and ParasitologyRostov Scientific Research Institute of Microbiology and ParasitologyRostov-on-DonRussia
  3. 3.Reference Center for Viral HepatitisCentral Research Institute of EpidemiologyMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical MicrobiologyOndokuz Mayis University Medical SchoolSamsunTurkey

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