Cervical and Cervicothoracic Osteotomies: Introduction Concepts, Planning, and Performance



This chapter introduces the concepts of assessment of cervical deformity as well as planning of cervical deformity (CD) surgery. It highlights the unique characteristics of preoperative analysis indicated in CD surgery to prevent complications. Advances in surgical instrumentation of the cervical spine and anesthesia have facilitated even lengthy surgeries with reproducible results for frail patients in experienced hands. Combined approaches can be necessary to achieve resolution of CD, maintenance of alignment, and fusion on the long-term run. Neuromonitoring is decisive during surgery, as is preoperative medical assessment of the individual patient.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurosurgery, Klinikum rechts der IsarTechnische Universität MünchenMunichGermany

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