Trends in Application of Machine Learning to Network-Based Intrusion Detection Systems

  • Jakub HrabovskyEmail author
  • Pavel Segec
  • Marek Moravcik
  • Jozef Papan
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 863)


Computer networks play an important role in modern industrial environments, as many of their areas heavily depend on continued operation and availability of provided network services. However, the network itself faces many security challenges in the form of various massive attacks that prevent its usage and yearly cause huge financial losses. The most widespread examples of such devastating attacks are the Denial of Service (DoS) and Distributed DoS attacks (DDoS). This paper is focusing on the analysis of detection methods that eliminate attacks impact. The paper introduces challenges of the current network based intrusion detection systems (NIDS) from distinct perspectives. Its primary focus is on the general functionality of selected detection methods, their categorization and following proposal of some potential improvements. Considering the requirements on present and future NIDS, we emphasize the application of machine learning (ML). The paper analyzes the state of research of four particular ML techniques regarding their success in implementation as NIDS – Bayesian Networks (BN), Support Vector Machines (SVM), Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and Self-organizing Maps (SOM). The analysis reveals various drawbacks and benefits of the individual methods. Its purpose lies in the discovery of current trends showing a direction of the future research, which may possibly lead to the overall design improvement of new methods. The output of our research summarizes trends in the form of trends list and their influence on our future research.


DoS DDoS Intrusion detection NIDS Anomaly-based Machine learning 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of ZilinaZilinaSlovakia

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