Formal Organizations, Informal Networks, and Work Flow: An Agent-Based Model
Few computational network models contrasting formal organization and informal networks have been published. A generalized organizational agent-based model (ABM) containing both formal organizational hierarchy and informal social networks was developed to simulate organizational processes that occur over both formal network ties and informal networks. Preliminary results from the current effort demonstrate “traffic jams” of work at the problematic middle manager level, which varies with the degree of micromanagement culture and supervisory span of control. Results also indicate that some informal network ties are used reciprocally while others are practically unidirectional.
KeywordsOrganizations Networks ABM Boundary spanning
The author is grateful to Robert Axtell for many discussions of models of organizational life and to two anonymous peer reviewers for their helpful feedback and thoughtful suggestions on a draft of this paper.
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