The EU’s Strategy Towards External Gas Suppliers and Their Responses: Norway, Russia, Algeria and LNG
The EU has a range of policy tools for dealing with the challenges it faces in the regional and international gas trade: when 1) integrating Norway into the Single European Market (SEM), 2) coping with Russia, 3) securing supply of Algerian gas and 4) taking advantage of the rising global trade in LNG. Norway as a major gas exporter to the EU shares interests with other major gas suppliers, Russia and Algeria. This chapter analyses the EU’s approaches to the governance of regional gas markets and responses of Norway, Russia, Algeria and the countries that export LNG to the EU that have chosen various strategies of relating to EU regulatory and market power. Some sell gas at the EU border while others develop other forms of cooperation with the EU.
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