The Application of PCIT to the Toddler Age Group

  • Emma I. Girard
  • Nancy M. Wallace
  • Jane R. Kohlhoff
  • Susan S. J. Morgan
  • Cheryl B. McNeil


Presents the variety of adaptations made to standard PCIT as well as discussing other models for early childhood intervention that target treatment to the toddler age range over the past 15 years. Research data from the preliminary version of PCIT-T implemented in Sydney, Australia, are discussed pertaining to outcomes of externalizing and internalizing behavior, emotional availability, use of positive parenting verbalizations, caregiver emotion availability, and the impact on infant attachment patterns using the strange-situation procedure.


Parent-Child Interaction Therapy with Toddlers (PCIT-T) At-risk infants and toddlers Developmental needs of toddlers Dysregulation Early intervention Emotion regulation Attachment theory Behavioral therapy Sensitive parenting Disruptive behavior concerns Parent management training 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emma I. Girard
    • 1
  • Nancy M. Wallace
    • 2
  • Jane R. Kohlhoff
    • 3
    • 4
  • Susan S. J. Morgan
    • 4
  • Cheryl B. McNeil
    • 5
  1. 1.School of MedicineUniversity of California, RiversideRiversideUSA
  2. 2.Johns Hopkins School of MedicineKennedy Krieger InstituteBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.School of PsychiatryUniversity of New South WalesRandwickAustralia
  4. 4.Karitane Toddler ClinicCarramarAustralia
  5. 5.Department of PsychologyWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA

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