Agroecology has a history deeply rooted in antiquity. Regardless, it is comparatively new in people’s consciousness and in many of the approaches advocated. To place agroecology in a modern context, it should be compared with the reigning paradigms, i.e., both to conventional agriculture and what is often termed the green revolution model.
These comparisons look at the good and the bad. The notion, and the hope, is that agroecology is capable of setting higher standards while mitigating those aspects of agriculture that are deemed unsavory or harmful. It is from this base that agroecology develops.
Good as this is, agroecology can, in the right situations, ecologically and economically outperform conventional agriculture. By way of biodiversity, well-formulated and redundant eco-services can enhance yields and/or lower costs. This involves a range of bio-techniques and a high degree of complexity. Less trodden, these are roads worth traveling. They are outlined in this text.
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