Planning for Contracting/Aging Populations: Societal and Economic Ramifications

  • Frederic R. Siegel
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)


Many countries worldwide have below a population replacement birth rate (2.01) and/or an aging population. This has resulted in contracting populations with the degree of contraction varying between countries but resulting in similar predictable societal, economic, and to some degree political problems. Examples of countries with contracting populations are shown in Table 9.1.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederic R. Siegel
    • 1
  1. 1.George Washington UniversityWashington, DCUSA

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