Inequalities and Health Policies in the European Countries

  • Gavino Maciocco
Part of the Updates in Hypertension and Cardiovascular Protection book series (UHCP)


This paper examines some of the factors causing health inequalities. The analysis supports the findings of the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health that social inequalities in health arise because of inequalities in the conditions of daily life and the fundamental drivers that give rise to them. This review found many examples of associations between risk factors for health, including tobacco use and obesity, and socioeconomic circumstances. This reflects the influence that lack of control, stress and reduced capabilities—all strongly associated with social disadvantage—have on both health and health-related behaviours. The 2008 recession in Europe had consequences on health outcomes.


Health inequalities Social determinants of health Social gradient 2008 recession in Europe 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gavino Maciocco
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Florence Medical SchoolFlorenceItaly

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