Alternative Context

  • Teresa L. Sullivan


A new sociological paradigm has emerged that transforms schools into medical treatment centers and educators into clinicians. The infusion of a Darwinian medical-pharmacological approach (fix the biological weakness) has resulted in a significant movement to “build resilience” in children as against addressing the oppressive environments that they live in, making students into certain kinds of subjects, positioned as pathological, having illnesses to be treated—correcting for adverse behavioral responses to structural conditions. Education reform is a crisis of social conscience. In terms of social progress, 20 years of reform is akin to putting a Band-Aid on a gunshot wound. School administrators and all educators must purposefully advocate for an education reform agenda that links education to intellectual development and to broader social, political, and economic forces.


Darwin Education reform School administrators Children 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teresa L. Sullivan
    • 1
  1. 1.PlymouthUSA

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