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Behavioral Health and Diabetes: Increasing Treatment Adherence

  • Rebecca Crochiere
  • Amy Hughes Lansing
Chapter

Abstract

Diabetes is a chronic illness in which the body struggles to produce or process insulin correctly. Insulin is a hormone created by the pancreas that allows glucose (blood sugar) from the food humans consume to enter the body’s cells and be used for energy. When insulin is absent or not working effectively in the body, glucose accumulates in the bloodstream, depriving the body’s cells of energy in the short term and producing dire health consequences over the long term, such as kidney failure, heart disease, blindness, and serious infections requiring amputation. Thus, to measure the severity of diabetes, providers collect blood samples to assess average glucose levels in the bloodstream, called the glycated hemoglobin percentage (HbA1c). Upwards of 29.1 million people in the United States or approximately 1 in every 11 Americans lives with diabetes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). In this chapter, we focus on the two most prevalent types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.

Keywords

Diabetes management Adherence Glycemic control Psychosocial barriers mHealth tools 

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyDrexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Nevada, RenoRenoUSA

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