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Behavioral Health and Diabetes

  • Rebekah J. Walker
  • Joni S. Williams
  • Leonard E. Egede
Chapter

Abstract

Diabetes is a chronic disease causing tremendous burden on people worldwide. In the 2017 Standards of Medical Care for Diabetes, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends the assessment and integration of psychosocial factors such as depression and diabetes distress into initial and routine patient care to improve outcomes and overall quality of life for patients with diabetes. Psychological conditions, such as depression, distress and stress, serious psychological distress, fatalism, self-efficacy, and social support influence diabetes-related self-management and outcomes and should be incorporated into clinical care practices, addressed in research interventions, and considered in policy implementations. These factors are important to consider as they can significantly impact glycemic control and other outcomes in adults with diabetes. Integrating behavioral and physical care for patients with diabetes will take a coordinated effort, focused on systematic screening, clear treatment pathways, and ongoing monitoring. However, efforts to integrate care have promise to better address the healthcare goals of providing patient-centered care, decreasing both morbidity and cost, and increasing satisfaction with care.

Keywords

Diabetes Depression Distress Stress Psychosocial health 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebekah J. Walker
    • 1
    • 2
  • Joni S. Williams
    • 1
    • 2
  • Leonard E. Egede
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal MedicineMedical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA
  2. 2.Center for Advancing Population Science (CAPS)Medical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA

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