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Improving Nitrogen Use Efficient in Crop Plants Using Biotechnology Approaches

  • Perrin H. Beatty
  • Allen G. Good
Chapter

Abstract

Plants require a source of fixed, or biologically reactive nitrogen (N) to produce molecules such as nucleotide bases and amino acids, in order to make macromolecules like DNA and proteins that are then required for the genome, cellular structures and overall growth. Low or insufficient available N limits the plant growth and yield (both biomass and grain) of crop plants. Plants obtain fixed-N from the soil as ammonia, nitrate, urea, amino acids and peptides.

Keywords

Plant biotechnology Nitrogen use efficiency Fertilizer 

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dept. OncologyUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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