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Critical Care for Potential Liver Transplant Candidates: Ventilation

  • Catherine Paugam-BurtzEmail author
  • Emmanuel Weiss
  • Samir Jaber
Chapter

Abstract

End-stage liver disease or cirrhotic patients frequently require admission to an intensive care unit for the treatment of organ failure. Mechanical ventilation, which is frequently required, is consistently associated with a significantly increased rate of in-hospital mortality. Despite a lack of research focused on the cirrhotic population, there is a growing body of evidence from the general ICU or perioperative population showing that appropriate management of ventilatory support is associated with improved outcomes. Moreover, synergistic ventilatory strategies from the preoperative ICU period to the intraoperative and then the postoperative period may be an important pathway for further improvements in the outcomes of these patients.

Keywords

End-stage liver disease Cirrhosis Liver transplantation Mechanical ventilation 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine Paugam-Burtz
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Emmanuel Weiss
    • 1
    • 2
  • Samir Jaber
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care MedicineHôpital Beaujon, APHPClichyFrance
  2. 2.Paris Diderot (Paris 7) University, Paris France and Inserm UMR_S1149, Center for Research on InflammationParisFrance
  3. 3.Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine B (DAR B), Saint-Eloi Hospital, University Teaching Hospital of Montpellier, INSERM U104680MontpellierFrance

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