The Resilient Partner Beyond Crises: EU Perceptions in the United States

  • Roberto Dominguez
  • Maxime H. A. Larivé
Part of the The European Union in International Affairs book series (EUIA)


The findings in this chapter indicate that the US perceives the EU from different angles, but two general trends seem to be dominant: first, a very deep trust in the relationship with the EU, despite some sporadic misunderstandings and occasional disagreements; and second, fluctuating perceptions/images of the EU depending on the political context in the US and the EU news cycle relying heavily on crises, dramas and scandals. As demonstrated throughout this chapter, the image of the EU is shaped by its ‘market’ identity due to a perception that the EU is an influential economic and trade partner. However, the recent Eurozone debt crisis, anemic economic growth, market regulations and complex institutional design have all negatively affected the way the EU is understood in the US. Furthermore, the US has utilized Europe’s challenges in order to minimize similar domestic and economic challenges, including but not limited to issues of populism, migration and unease with globalization.


  1. Albright, M. (2006). The Mighty and the Almighty. Reflections on America, God and World Affairs. New York: Harper and Collins.Google Scholar
  2. Baldwin, P. (2009). The Narcissism of Minor Differences. How America and Europe Are Alike. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Chicago Council on Global Affairs. (2014). Foreign Policy in the Age of Retrenchment. Results of the Chicago Council Survey of American Public Opinion and US Foreign Policy. Chicago: Chicago Council on Global Affairs.Google Scholar
  4. Delegation of the EU to the United States. (2017). EU–US Facts & Figures. Available online (accessed June 1, 2017).
  5. European Council. (2003, December 12). A Secure Europe in a Better World. European Security Strategy. Brussels.Google Scholar
  6. European External Action Service. (2016, June). European Global Strategy: Shared Vision, Common Action. A Stronger Europe: A Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy. Brussels.Google Scholar
  7. European Union External Action Service. (2016). Shared Vision, Common Action: A Stronger Europe. A Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy. Brussels: European Union.Google Scholar
  8. Gordon, M., & Sanger, D. E. (2015, July 14). Deal Reached on Iran Nuclear Program; Limits on Fuel Would Lessen With Time. The New York Times.Google Scholar
  9. Hamilton, D. S. (2014). Transatlantic Challenges: Ukraine, TTIP and the Struggle to be Strategic. Journal of Common Market Studies, 52 (Annual Review), 25–39.Google Scholar
  10. Hamilton, D. S., & Quinlan, J. P. (2017). The Transatlantic Economy 2017. Annual Survey of Jobs, Trade and Investment Between the United States and Europe. Washington, DC: Center for Transaltantic Relations.Google Scholar
  11. Huntington, S. P. (1997). The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  12. Ikenberry, G. J. (2011). Liberal Leviathan. The Origins, Crisis, and Transformation of the American World Order. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Institute of International Education. (2016). Host Regions and Destinations of US Study Abroad Students, 2013/14–2014/15. Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange. Available online (accessed August 12, 2017).
  14. Krauthammer, C. (2013). Things That Matter. Three Decades of Passions, Pastimes and Politics. New York: Crown Forum.Google Scholar
  15. Mix, D. E. (2015). The United States and Europe: Current Issues. In CRS Report. Washington: Congressional Research Service.Google Scholar
  16. OECD. (2017). Development Aid Rises Again in 2016. Available online (accessed August 12, 2017).
  17. PPMI/NCRE/NFG. (2015). Analysis of the Perception of the EU and EU’s Policies Abroad—Final Report. Available online (accessed March 17, 2018).
  18. Rice, C. (2011). No Higher Honor. A Memoir of My Years in Washington. New York: Crown Publishers.Google Scholar
  19. Trump, D. (2016, April 27). Transcript: Donald Trump’s Foreign Policy Speech. The New York Times.Google Scholar
  20. Washington Post. (2017). Global Growth, Local Dominance. Washington Post.Google Scholar
  21. White House. (2017). Remarks by President Trump and First Lady Melania Trump at Make America Great Again Rally. Available online (accessed February 18, 2018).

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto Dominguez
    • 1
  • Maxime H. A. Larivé
    • 2
  1. 1.Suffolk UniversityBostonUSA
  2. 2.European Union CenterThe University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignChampaignUSA

Personalised recommendations