Advertisement

Human Impacts on Water Regime

  • Ognjen BonacciEmail author
  • Dijana Oskoruš
Chapter
Part of the Springer Geography book series (SPRINGERGEOGR)

Abstract

River water regime is continuously in motion and in interaction with many natural and human-induced factors. Human interventions, especially over the last two centuries, caused the natural water regime in most rivers to become substantially and irreparably disturbed. River training, floodplain reduction by construction of levees, building of numerous hydrotechnical structures, especially dams and hydroelectric power plants, and other large structures along the Drava River, as well as in its catchment in Italy, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, and Hungary, have greatly influenced its water regime. This section plays an important role because 167 km of the Drava River course represents the boundary between Croatia and Hungary. At the end of 19th century, major regulation works were executed along the whole Drava River course. The last massive intervention on the Drava River in Croatia and Hungary was carried out at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. The changes in water regime along the lowland part of the Drava River from the boundary between Slovenia and Croatia to its confluence with the Danube River are examined in this chapter. The findings of hydromorphological and sediment transport regime analyses are also presented.

Keywords

Human impact Floods River regulation Floodplain Suspended sediment River hydromorphology 

References

  1. Biondić D (1999) Erozija korita rijeke Drave (Erosion of the Drava River channel). Građevinar 51(5):321–328 (in Croatian)Google Scholar
  2. Bognar A (1995) Regulacije i njihov utjecaj na geomorfološko oblikovanje Drave i Dunava u Hrvatskoj (Regulations and their influence on geomorphological regime of Drava and Danube in Croatia). Zbornik radova 1. Hrvatske konferencije o vodama. R 8–03:449–461 (in Croatian)Google Scholar
  3. Bognar A (2008) Geomorfološka obilježja korita rijeke Drave i njenog poloja u širem području naselja Križnica (Geomorphologic characteristics of the Drava River bed and its floodplain in wider area of the settlement Križnica). Hrvatski Geografski Glasnik 70(2):49–71 (in Croatian)Google Scholar
  4. Bonacci O (2016) River—the bloodstream of landscape and catchment. Acta Hydrotechnica 29(50):1–12Google Scholar
  5. Bonacci O, Oskoruš D (2010) The changes in the Drava River water level, discharges and suspended sediment regime. Environ Earth Sci 59(8):1661–1670CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bonacci O, Tadić Z, Trninić D (1992) Effects of dams and reservoirs on the hydrological characteristics of the Lower Drava River. Regulated Rivers: Res Manag 7(4):349–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dadić T, Tadić L, Bonacci O (2015) Utjecaj Drave i Dunava kroz povijest na poplave u Osijeku (The Drava and Danube impacts on the floods in Osijek throughout history). Hrvatske Vode 23(94):287–294 (in Croatian)Google Scholar
  8. Erskine WD, Geary PM, Outhet DN (1985) Potential impacts of sand and gravel extraction on the Hunter River, NSW. Aust Geogr Stud 23:71–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. EU (2015) Ecological flows in the implementation of the water framework directive. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. 108 pp (Guidance document no 31).  https://doi.org/10.2779/775712
  10. Kondolf GM (1997) Hungry water: effects of dams and gravel mining on river channels. Environ Manag 21:533–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mantuáno J (1973) Információ a Dráva és Mura folyókat érintő vízgazdálkodási elgondolásokról (Information on the water management concepts related to the Drava and Mura Rivers). Manuscript. VIZITERV, Budapest (in Hungarian)Google Scholar
  12. Mantuáno J (1976) Đurđevac-Barcsi vízlépcső-rendszer (The Djurdjevac-Paks barrage system). VIZITERV D-1, 15.13/1, Budapest (in Hungarian)Google Scholar
  13. Schwarz U (2007) Pilot study: hydromorphological survey and map of the Drava and Mura Rivers IADS-Report prepared by FLUVIUS, Floodplain ecology and river basin management, Vienna. 141 pp. http://iad.gs/docs/reports/HydromorphIAD_Mura_Drava2007.pdf
  14. Tadić L, Bonacci O, Dadić T (2014) Dynamics of the Kopački Rit (Croatia) wetland floodplain water regime. Environ Earth Sci 71(8):3559–3570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Tadić L, Bonacci O, Dadić T (2016) Analysis of the Drava and Danube rivers floods in Osijek (Croatia) and possibility of their coincidence. Environ Earth Sci 75(18):1238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Wohl EE, Bledsoe BP, Jacobson RB, LeRoy Poff N, Rathburn SL, Walters DM, Wilcox AC (2015) The natural sediment regime in rivers: broadening the foundation for ecosystem management. Bioscience 65(4):358–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Civil Engineering, Architecture and GeodesyUniversity of SplitSplitCroatia
  2. 2.Hydrometeorological Service of Republic CroatiaZagrebCroatia

Personalised recommendations