Gender Bias: An Undesirable Challenge in Health Professions and Health Care

  • Vivian W. Pinn


Gender bias has a variety of definitions based upon the frame of reference, but basically is considered as prejudice based on gender or unfair differences in how women and men are regarded considering their gender and/or biological sex. Gender bias, based on traditional stereotypical impressions of sex and gender, be it implicit, unintentional, unconscious, or even conscious and intentional, or called by other terms such as sexism, has consequences for the health, healthcare, and careers of both women and men.


Gender bias Implicit bias Health professions 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vivian W. Pinn
    • 1
  1. 1.Former Director (Retired), Office of Research on Women’s HealthNational Institutes of HealthWashington, DCUSA

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