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Progress on the ARIADNE Axion Experiment

  • A. A. Geraci for the ARIADNE Collaboration
  • H. Fosbinder-Elkins
  • C. Lohmeyer
  • J. Dargert
  • M. Cunningham
  • M. Harkness
  • E. Levenson-Falk
  • S. Mumford
  • A. Kapitulnik
  • A. Arvanitaki
  • I. Lee
  • E. Smith
  • E. Wiesman
  • J. Shortino
  • J. C. Long
  • W. M. Snow
  • C.-Y. Liu
  • Y. Shin
  • Y. Semertzidis
  • Y.-H. Lee
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 211)

Abstract

The Axion Resonant InterAction Detection Experiment (ARIADNE) is a collaborative effort to search for the QCD axion using techniques based on nuclear magnetic resonance (Arvanitaki and Geraci, Phys Rev Lett 113:161801, 2014). In the experiment, axions or axion-like particles would mediate short-range spin-dependent interactions between a laser-polarized3He gas and a rotating (unpolarized) tungsten source mass, acting as a tiny, fictitious magnetic field. The experiment has the potential to probe deep within the theoretically interesting regime for the QCD axion in the mass range of 0.1–10 meV, independently of cosmological assumptions. The experiment relies on a stable rotary mechanism and superconducting magnetic shielding, required to screen the 3He sample from ordinary magnetic noise. Progress on testing the stability of the rotary mechanism is reported, and the design for the superconducting shielding is discussed.

Keywords

Axion ARIADNE Nuclear magnetic resonance 3He SQUID Interaction Fermions Fifth-force Magnetometry Superconductor Rotation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank S. Koyu and H. Mason for computer modeling simulations at the early stages of this work. We thank T. Tong and D. Beck for helpful discussions. We acknowledge support from the U.S. National Science Foundation, grant numbers NSF-PHY 1509805, NSF-PHY 1510484, NSF-PHY 1509176. I. Lee, C-Y. Liu, J. C. Long, J. Shortino, W. M. Snow, and E. Weisman acknowledge support from the Indiana University Center for Spacetime Symmetries.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Geraci for the ARIADNE Collaboration
    • 1
  • H. Fosbinder-Elkins
    • 2
  • C. Lohmeyer
    • 1
  • J. Dargert
    • 2
  • M. Cunningham
    • 2
  • M. Harkness
    • 2
  • E. Levenson-Falk
    • 3
  • S. Mumford
    • 3
  • A. Kapitulnik
    • 4
  • A. Arvanitaki
    • 5
  • I. Lee
    • 6
  • E. Smith
    • 7
  • E. Wiesman
    • 6
  • J. Shortino
    • 6
  • J. C. Long
    • 6
  • W. M. Snow
    • 6
  • C.-Y. Liu
    • 6
  • Y. Shin
    • 8
  • Y. Semertzidis
    • 8
  • Y.-H. Lee
    • 9
  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of NevadaRenoUSA
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  4. 4.Department of Physics and Applied PhysicsStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  5. 5.Perimeter InstituteWaterlooCanada
  6. 6.Department of PhysicsIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA
  7. 7.Los Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA
  8. 8.IBS Center for Axion and Precision Physics ResearchKAISTDaejeonSouth Korea
  9. 9.KRISSDaejeonRepublic of Korea

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