Advertisement

Performing Inclusion and Disillusion

  • Victoria Lynn Garrett
Chapter
Part of the New Directions in Latino American Cultures book series (NDLAC)

Abstract

This chapter analyzes representation of liberal modernity in Nemesio Trejo’s plays La fiesta de don Marcos, Los óleos del chico, Los inquilinos, and Las mujeres lindas. His complex engagement with different facets of this transitional moment in Argentina vividly illustrates the clash among inclusive imaginaries, a culture of vigilance, and the daily lives of the popular sectors. I argue that the characters’ quotidian experiences reveal that rather than progress and prosperity, liberalism signified the substitution of criollo values with a market-based system that equated wealth with worth. In response, the characters combat draconian structural violence by creating horizontal bonds of solidarity, and they reverse dominant rhetoric by locating the source of harm not in the popular classes but rather in the realm of politics, the formal economy, and the affluent classes. The characters symbolically rectify their marginality by shaping positive identities for themselves, which sparks new ethical and moral discourses.

Works Cited

  1. Anderson, Benedict. 1983. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  2. Armus, Diego. 1990. Conventillos, ranchos y casa propia en el mundo urbano del novecientos. In Mundo urbano y cultura popular: Estudios de historia social argentina, ed. Diego Armus and Dora Barrancos, 153–194. Buenos Aires: Editorial Sudamericana.Google Scholar
  3. Bergero, Adriana J. 2008. Intersecting Tango: Cultural Geographies of Buenos Aires, 1900–1930. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.Google Scholar
  4. Berman, Marshall. 1988. All That Is Solid Melts into Air: The Experience of Modernity. New York: Viking Penguin.Google Scholar
  5. Botana, Natalio R. 1994. El orden conservador: La política argentina entre 1880 y 1916. Buenos Aires: Editorial Sudamericana.Google Scholar
  6. Cara-Walker, Ana. 1987. Cocoliche: The Art of Assimilation and Dissimulation Among Italians and Argentines. Latin American Research Review 22: 37–67.Google Scholar
  7. Foucault, Michel. 2008. The Birth of Biopolitics: Lectures at the Collège de France, 1978–79. Ed. Michel Senellart and Trans. Graham Burchell. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  8. Garrett, Victoria L. 2010. Dispelling Purity Myths and Debunking Hygienic Discourse in Roberto Arlt’s ‘El jorobadito. Hispania 93 (2): 187–197.Google Scholar
  9. Gutiérrez, Leandro H. 1983. Los trabajadores y sus luchas. In Buenos Aires, historia de cuatro siglos, ed. José Luis Romero and Luis Alberto Romero, vol. 2, 65–82. Buenos Aires: Altamira.Google Scholar
  10. Moya, Jose C. 1998. Cousins and Strangers: Spanish Immigrants in Buenos Aires, 1850–1930. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  11. Nouzeilles, Gabriela. 2000. Ficciones somáticas: Naturalismo, nacionalismo y políticas médicas del cuerpo (Argentina 1880–1910). Rosario: Beatriz Viterbo.Google Scholar
  12. Pellarolo, Silvia. 1997. Sainete criollo: Democracia, representación: El caso de Nemesio Trejo. Buenos Aires: Corregidor.Google Scholar
  13. Puccia, Enrique Horacio. 1993. Nemesio Trejo: Pionero del sainete criollo. Buenos Aires: Academia Porteña del Lunfardo.Google Scholar
  14. Rawson, Guillermo. 1928 [1885]. Estudio sobre las casas de inquilinato en Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires: La Vanguardia.Google Scholar
  15. Rock, David. 1987. Argentina, 1516–1987: From Spanish Colonization to Alfonsín. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  16. Salessi, Jorge. 1995. Médicos maleantes y maricas: Higiene, criminología y homosexualidad en la construcción de la nación argentina (Buenos Aires, 1871–1914). Rosario: Beatriz Viterbo.Google Scholar
  17. Sargent, Charles S. 1974. The Spatial Evolution of Greater Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1870–1930. Tempe: Center for Latin American Studies, Arizona State University.Google Scholar
  18. Scobie, James R. 1974. Buenos Aires: Plaza to Suburb, 1870–1910. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Suriano, Juan. 1983. La huelga de inquilinos de 1907. Buenos Aires: Centro Editor de América Latina.Google Scholar
  20. ———. 1988. Trabajadores, anarquismo y Estado represor: De la Ley de Residencia a la Ley de Defensa Social (1902–1910). Buenos Aires: Centro Editor de América Latina.Google Scholar
  21. Taylor, Diana. 1997. Disappearing Acts: Spectacles of Gender and Nationalism in Argentina’s “Dirty War”. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Trejo, Nemesio. 1890. La fiesta de don Marcos. Buenos Aires: Mariano Moreno.Google Scholar
  23. ———. 1964 [1907]. Los inquilinos. In Breve historia del teatro argentino, ed. Luis Ordaz, vol. 4, 55–82. Buenos Aires: Editorial Universitaria de Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  24. ———. 1976a. Las mujeres lindas. In Antología del género chico criollo, ed. Susana Marcó, Abel Posadas, Marta Speroni, and Griselda Vignolo, 141–158. Buenos Aires: Editorial Universitaria de Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  25. ———. 1976b. Los óleos del chico. In Antología del género chico criollo, ed. Susana Marcó, Abel Posadas, Marta Speroni, and Griselda Vignolo, 15–24. Buenos Aires: Editorial Universitaria de Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  26. Zimmermann, Eduardo A. 1995. Los liberales reformistas: La cuestión social en la Argentina, 1890–1916. Buenos Aires: Editorial Sudamericana.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victoria Lynn Garrett
    • 1
  1. 1.College of CharlestonCharlestonUSA

Personalised recommendations