Customizing Europe: Four Member States Compared

  • Eva Thomann
Part of the International Series on Public Policy book series (ISPP)


By focusing on legal compliance, EU policy implementation research has neglected more fine-grained differences in transposition. The top-down focus on compliance might not necessarily explain why member states transcend the EU’s requirements to facilitate context-sensitive problem solving. Can prominent compliance theories account for customization? Moving beyond compliance, this chapter scrutinizes the conditions under which four European Union (EU) member states customize EU food safety policies. Using fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis and formal theory evaluation, I assess how policy and country-level factors interact. Results reveal that different customization styles simultaneously reflect the interplay between domestic politics and institutions, and the “fit” of EU regulatory modes with domestic sectoral interventionist styles. Compliance approaches cannot fully explain these fine-grained patterns of Europeanization.


Compliance Customization Europeanization Fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis 

Supplementary material

432312_1_En_4_MOESM1_ESM.csv (3 kb)
Thomann_2018_chapter 4_fuzzy (CSV 2 kb)
432312_1_En_4_MOESM2_ESM.csv (2 kb)
Thomann_2018_chapter 4_raw (CSV 2 kb)
432312_1_En_4_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (604 kb)
Thomann 2018_United in diversity_supplementary online appendix (PDF 604 kb)


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eva Thomann
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ExeterExeterUK

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