Other Forms of Negotiations
Discussions of plea negotiations have generally focused on three main forms: charge bargaining (withdrawing and/or substituting charges), fact bargaining (agreements as to which “facts” form the basis of the summary from which the defendant is sentenced) and sentence bargaining (discussions on the prosecutor’s sentencing submission and agreements as to when the defendant indicated an intention to plead guilty). However this study identified 14 different forms of plea negotiation. This chapter discusses these forms of plea negotiation showcasing the diversity and extent of outcomes possible from plea negotiations. In doing so, it demonstrates the breadth and variety of outcomes that can emerge from a defendant agreeing to waive their right to a trial and enter a guilty plea.
KeywordsPlea negotiations Plea bargaining Plea deals Negotiations Plea agreements Prosecutorial discretion
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