Script, Print and the Materiality of Texts

  • Joanna Maciulewicz
Part of the New Directions in Book History book series (NDBH)


This chapter analyses literary representations of print which reflect the anxiety caused by the rapidly developing print marketplace. The theme recurs in the seventeenth century and throughout the eighteenth century as is evidenced by John Milton’s Areopagitica (1644), Jonathan Swift’s The Battle of Books (1704) and Alexander Pope’s The Dunciad (1728–1743), which employ a variety of rhetorical devices and literary conventions to explore the properties of print as well as its capacity to create the conditions of dialogic exchange of ideas and development of knowledge and culture.


Primary Sources

  1. Arber, E. 1950. A Transcript of the Registers of the Company of Stationers of London, 1557–1640, 5 vols. (London: n.p., 1875–94), Vol. 1. ( (date of access 03.08.2012).
  2. Milton, John. 2005a. “Areopagitica.” In Paradise Lost, edited by Gordon Tesky, 339–374. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
  3. Milton, John. 2005b. Paradise Lost. Edited by Gordon Tesky, 1–303. New York and London: W. W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
  4. Plato. [1914] 2005. Euthyphro. Apology. Crito. Phaedo. Phaedrus. With an English translation by Harold North Fowler. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Pope, Alexander. 2007. The Poems ofAlexander Pope. Volume Three: The Dunciad (1728) and The Dunciad Variorum (1729). Edited by Valerie Rumbold. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.Google Scholar
  6. Pope, Alexander. 2009. The Dunciad in Four Books. Edited by Valerie Rumbold. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.Google Scholar
  7. Swift, Jonathan. 2010. A Tale of a Tub And Other Works. Edited by Marcus Walsh. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Secondary Sources

  1. Baines, Paul, and Pat Rogers. 2007. Edmund Curll, Bookseller. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bakhtin, Mikhail. [1983] 2003. Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics. Edited and translated by Caryl Emerson. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  3. Bakhtin, Mikhail. 1984. Rabelais and His World. Translated by Helene Iswolsky. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bauman, Zygmunt. 2011. Culture in a Liquid Modern World. Translated by Lydia Bauman. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  5. Broich, Ulrich. 2005. “Alexander Pope, the Ideal of the Hero, Ovid, and Menippean satire.” Studies in Literary Imagination 38, no. 1: 179–196.Google Scholar
  6. Castle, Terry. 1986. Masquerade and Civilisation. The Carnivalesque in Eighteenth-Century English Culture and Fiction. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Chartier, Roger. 1994. The Order of Books. Readers, Authors and Libraries in Europe between the Fourteenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Translated by Lydia G. Cochrane. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Eagleton, Terry. [1984] 2005. The Function of Criticism. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  9. Eagleton, Terry. 2003. After Theory. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  10. Eisenstein, Elizabeth L. [1983] 2005. The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Eisenstein, Elizabeth L. 2002. “An Unacknowledged Revolution Revisited.” American Historical Review Revisited 107, no. 1: 87–105.Google Scholar
  12. Eisenstein, Elizabeth L. 2011. Divine Art, Infernal Machine. The Reception of Printing in the West from First Impressions to the Sense of an Ending. Philadelphia: Philadelphia University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Erskine-Hill, Howard. 1972. Pope: The Dunciad. London: Edward Arnold.Google Scholar
  14. Evans, John X. 1966. “Imagery as Argument in Milton’s Areopagitica.” Texas Study in Literature and Culture 8, no. 2: 189–205.Google Scholar
  15. Fairer, David. 1984. Pope’s Imagination. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Fairer, David. 1989. The Poetry of Alexander Pope. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  17. Fallon, Stephen M. 1991. Milton among the Philosophers. Poetry and Materialism in Seventeenth-Century England. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Foxon, David. 1991. Pope and the Early Eighteenth-Century Book Trade. Revised and edited by James McLaverty. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  19. Gavin, Michael. 2015. The Invention of English Criticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Gee, Sophie. 2007. “Milton’s Chaos in Pope’s London.” In Science, Literature and Rhetoric in Early Modern England, edited by Juliet Cummins and David Burchell, 165–189. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  21. Griffin, Dustin. 1993. “Fictions of Eighteenth-Century Authorship.” Essays in Criticism 3: 181–194.Google Scholar
  22. Griffin, Dustin. 2014. Authorship in the Long Eighteenth Century. Newark: University of Delaware Press.Google Scholar
  23. Habermas, Jürgen. 1991. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Translated by Thomas Burger with the assistance of Frederick Lawrence. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  24. Halsband, Robert. 1953. “Pope, Lady Mary, and the Court Poems”, PMLA 68, no. 1: 237–250.Google Scholar
  25. Hammond, Brean. 1997. Professional Imaginative Writing in England 1670–1740: ‘Hackney for Bread’. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  26. Hammond, Brean. 2001. “The City in Eighteenth-Century Poetry.” In The Cambridge Companion to Eighteenth-Century Poetry, edited by John Sitter, 83–107. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Havelock, Eric. A. 1963. Preface to Plato. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Highet, Gilbert. 1962. The Anatomy of Satire. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Jackson, Rosemary. 1981. Fantasy: the Literature of Subversion. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  30. Johns, Adrian. 1998. The Nature of the Book. Print and Knowledge in the Making. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Jones, Emrys. 1968. “Pope and Dullness.” Proceedings of the British Academy 54: 231–263.Google Scholar
  32. Keen, Paul. 2014. Literature and Commerce, and the Spectacle of Modernity, 1750–1800. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Kernan, Alvin. 1987. Samuel Johnson and the Impact of Print. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Krečič, Jela and Slavoj Žižek. 2016. “Ugly, Creepy, Disgusting, and Other Modes of Abjection.” Critical Inquiry 43, no. 1: 60–83.Google Scholar
  35. Levine, Joseph M. 1994. The Battle of the Books. History and Literature in the Augustan Age. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Loewenstein, Joseph. 2002. The Author’s Due. Printing and the Prehistory of Copyright. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Mack, Maynard. 1985. Alexander Pope. A Life. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  38. McDayter, Mark. 2003. “The Haunting of St. James’s Library: Librarians, Literature, and The Battle of the Books.” Huntington Library Quarterly 66, no. 1–2: 1–26.Google Scholar
  39. McDowell, Paula. 2010. “Mediating Media Past and Present: Toward a Genealogy of ‘Print Culture’ and ‘Oral Tradition’.” In This Is Enlightenment, edited by Clifford Siskin and William Warner, 229–246. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  40. McDowell, Paula. 2012. “Of Grubs and Other Insects. Constructing the Categories of Ephemera and Literature in Eighteenth-Century British Writing.” Book History 15: 48–70.Google Scholar
  41. McLaverty, James. 2001. Pope, Print and Meaning. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  42. McLuhan, Marshall. 1962. The Gutenberg Galaxy. The Making of Typographic Man. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  43. Ong, Walter J. [1982] 1990. Orality and Literacy. The Technologizing of the Word. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  44. Ortega y Gasset, José. [1930] 1964. The Revolt of the Masses. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
  45. Price, Alan F. 1952. “Incidental Imagery of “Areopagitica.” Modern Philology 49, no. 4: 217–222.Google Scholar
  46. Ramsey, Richard N. 1984. “Swift’s Strategy in The Battle of the Books.” Papers on Language and Literature 20, no. 4: 382–389.Google Scholar
  47. Relihan, Joel C. 1993. Ancient Menippean Satire. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  48. Robertson, Ritchie. 2009. Mock-Epic Poetry from Pope to Heine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  49. Rogers, Pat. 1980. Hacks and Dunces. Pope, Swift and Grub Street. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  50. Rose, Mark. 1993. Authors and Owners. The Invention of Copyright. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  51. Rose, Mark. 2010. “The Public Sphere and the Emergence of Copyright: Areopagitica, the Stationers’ Company and the Statute of Anne.” In Privilege and Property. Essays on the History of Copyright, edited by Ronan Deazley, Martin Kretchmer and Lionel Bentley, 67–88. Cambridge: Open Book Publishers. ( (date of access 3 Dec. 2013).
  52. Sitter, John E. 1971. The Poetry of Pope’s Dunciad. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  53. Sloterdijk, Peter. 2012. Pogarda mas. [The contempt of the masses]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Athleia.Google Scholar
  54. Stallybrass, Peter and Allan White. 1986. The Politics and Poetics of Transgression. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  55. Storey, John. 2015. Cultural Theory and Popular Culture. An Introduction. 7th edition. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  56. Thomas, Claudia N. 2000. ““Writing Nonsense”: Pope, Rabelais, and the Fair.” In “More Solid Learning”. New Perspectives on Alexander Pope’s Dunciad”, edited by Catherine Ingrassia and Claudia N. Thomas (eds.), 189–207. Lewisberg: Bucknell University Press.Google Scholar
  57. Tinkler, John F. 1988. “The Splitting of Humanism: Bentley, Swift, and the English Battle of the Books.” Journal of the History of Ideas 49, no. 3: 453–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Wahrman, Dror. 2012. Mr Collier’s Letter Racks. A Tale of Art and Illusion at the Threshold of the Modern Information Age. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  59. Weinbrot, Howard D. 2005. Menippean Satire Reconsidered. From Antiquity to the Eighteenth Century. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  60. Williams, Aubrey L. 1968. Pope’s Dunciad. A Study of Its Meaning. Hamden, CT: Archon Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joanna Maciulewicz
    • 1
  1. 1.Adam Mickiewicz University in PoznańPoznańPoland

Personalised recommendations