Safety and Nonproliferation Aspect of GEN-IV Reactors
The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) was initiated by the US Department of Energy in 2000 and formally chartered in mid-2001. It is an international collective representing governments of 14 countries where nuclear energy is significant now and also seen as vital for the future. Most are committed to joint development of the next generation of nuclear technology. The original charter members of GIF are Argentina, Brazil, Canada, France, Japan, South Korea, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States. They have been joined by Switzerland, the EU (Euratom), China, Russia, and Australia. The purpose of GIF is to share R&D rather than build reactors. Any future decision to go ahead with the industrial construction of Generation IV nuclear power plants among the countries, involved with this type of power plant, will be guided by a number of strategic considerations, among which safety performance and nonproliferation aspect of it, will obviously be foremost.
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