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Effect of Incorporated Inorganic Nanoparticles on Porous Structure and Functional Properties of Strongly and Weakly Acidic Ion Exchangers

  • Ludmila Ponomarova
  • Yuliya Dzyazko
  • Yurii Volfkovich
  • Valentin Sosenkin
  • Sergey Scherbakov
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 214)

Abstract

Weakly and strongly acidic cation exchange resins were modified with nanoparticles of zirconium hydrophosphate. The materials were investigated with methods of standard contact porosimetry and transmission electron microscopy. Both non-aggregated nanoparticles (4–20 nm) and larger formations (from 250 nm to several microns) have been found. The modifier particles occupy both hydrophilic and hydrophobic pores of the polymers. This provides transformation of porous structure of the resins due to additional swelling pressure. As a result, some regions of the polymer become unavailable for sorbate. The transformation affects sorption of Brilliant Green and Ni2+ ions. It was found that sorption rate is described by the model of chemical reaction of pseudo-second order. Depending on the interaction of polymer matrix with species being sorbed, the inorganic modifier is able to accelerate or slow down sorption. The composites were found to show breakthrough capacity toward the dye that is higher two to ten times compared with the pristine resins. However, lower breakthrough capacity toward Ni2+ is attributed to the composite based on strongly acidic resin.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ludmila Ponomarova
    • 1
  • Yuliya Dzyazko
    • 1
  • Yurii Volfkovich
    • 2
  • Valentin Sosenkin
    • 2
  • Sergey Scherbakov
    • 3
  1. 1.V. I. Vernadsky Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry of the National Academy of Science of UkraineKyivUkraine
  2. 2.A. N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry of the Russian Academy of ScienceMoscowRussia
  3. 3.M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany of the National Academy of Science of UkraineKyivUkraine

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