Constructive Anger

  • Rick Hughes
  • Andrew Kinder
  • Cary L. Cooper


Constructive anger emphasises that anger, as an emotion, can be good, positive and healthy. It is a primal emotion from early human evolution to help us survive by reacting to danger. Anger is usually a three-stage process; an activating event occurs, our brain seeks to make sense of it, or evaluates the threat in order to prepare to react, then we act.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rick Hughes
    • 1
  • Andrew Kinder
    • 2
  • Cary L. Cooper
    • 3
  1. 1.AberdeenUK
  2. 2.LondonUK
  3. 3.Manchester Business SchoolUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK

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