Pain Management

  • Rick Hughes
  • Andrew Kinder
  • Cary L. Cooper


The perception of pain can be influenced by a number of factors—past experiences of pain, culture and beliefs, stoicism, anxiety and depression. But to manage pain, we need to understand what it is.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rick Hughes
    • 1
  • Andrew Kinder
    • 2
  • Cary L. Cooper
    • 3
  1. 1.AberdeenUK
  2. 2.LondonUK
  3. 3.Manchester Business SchoolUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK

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