Personal Stress Management Toolkit

  • Rick Hughes
  • Andrew Kinder
  • Cary L. Cooper


We experience stress when we perceive that the demands placed upon us exceed our ability to cope. Our perception is our reality. An issue, circumstance or event may not be stressful in itself, but the way we perceive it determines whether we interpret this as stressful.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rick Hughes
    • 1
  • Andrew Kinder
    • 2
  • Cary L. Cooper
    • 3
  1. 1.AberdeenUK
  2. 2.LondonUK
  3. 3.Manchester Business SchoolUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK

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