The Crisis of Stalinism After 1953
The Stalinist Marxism in Iran produced theorists such as Ehsan Tabari whose main concern was not about the choice between dictatorship or democracy but about the kind of democracy that converges with the communist objectives. Tabari insisted that from the communists’ point of view, socialism was the expression of freedom and equality, and the embodiment of real democracy. This definition assumed the Soviet Union as the beacon of democracy and socialism, the fidelity to which was the duty of all sincere believers in freedom and equality. This presupposition led the Tudeh Party to depict any Iranian government, individual democrat or communist organization, that challenged the Soviet Union’s policies in Iran as an agent of imperialism or opportunist revisionists. The attempts to rectify the Tudeh Party’s politics, from within and from without, in the 1940s and the 1950s were unsuccessful.