Advertisement

The Three Ethologies

  • Matthew Calarco
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Animals and Literature book series (PSAAL)

Abstract

This essay brings into conversation the remarkable fieldwork of Wyoming ethologist Joe Hutto with Félix Guattari’s critique of established ecological thinking in his 1989 The Three Ecologies, developing a broader and more complex understanding of ethological practice and its implications for our understanding of animal life, sociality, and the ethics of human-animal relations. Working with the three registers also employed by Guattari in his attempt at formulating a ‘generalized ecology’ or ‘ecosophy,’ the essay suggests a concept of ethology that encompasses a social, an environmental, and a mental dimension of ethological practice. These ‘three ethologies’ are developed in conversation with Hutto’s account of his experience of living with a pack of mule deer over a period of seven years, showing that, rather than an analytical framework imposed on Hutto’s experiences, such an expanded conception of ethology emerges from Hutto’s ethological practice itself. The transformative experiences documented in Touching the Wild (2014) not only give fascinating ethological insights into the behaviors and different personalities of the deer Hutto encountered and lived with, they also challenge us to think about forms and practices of living-with beyond the anthropocentric limitations of traditional concepts of society, community, and (inter)subjectivity.

Works Cited

  1. Balcombe, Jonathan. Second Nature: The Inner Lives of Animals. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.Google Scholar
  2. Bekoff, Marc, and Jessica Pierce. Wild Justice: The Moral Lives of Animals. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Buchanan, Brett, Matthew Chrulew, and Jeffrey Bussolini. “On Asking the Right Questions: An Interview with Vinciane Despret,” Angelaki: Journal of the Theoretical Humanities 20 (2015): 165–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. ———. Onto-Ethologies: The Animal Environments of Uexküll, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, and Deleuze. Albany: SUNY Press, 2008.Google Scholar
  5. De Waal, Frans. Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are? New York: W. W. Norton, 2016.Google Scholar
  6. DeLanda, Manuel. A New Philosophy of Society: Assemblage Theory and Social Complexity. New York: Continuum, 2006.Google Scholar
  7. Deleuze, Gilles. Spinoza: Practical Philosophy. Translated by Robert Hurley. San Francisco: City Lights, 1988.Google Scholar
  8. Goodale, Greg. The Rhetorical Invention of Man: A History of Distinguishing Humans from Other Animals. Lanham: Lexington, 2015.Google Scholar
  9. Guattari, Felix. The Three Ecologies. Translated by Ian Pindar and Paul Sutton. New Brunswick: Athlone Press, 2000.Google Scholar
  10. Haraway, Donna J. When Species Meet. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008.Google Scholar
  11. Hutto, Joe. Touching the Wild: Living with the Mule Deer of Deadman Gulch. New York: Skyhorse Publishing, 2014.Google Scholar
  12. ———. Touching the Wild: Living with the Mule Deer of Deadman Gulch, DVD, dir. David Allen. Alexandria, VA: PBS Home Video, 2014.Google Scholar
  13. Kirksey, Eben (ed.). The Multispecies Salon. Durham: Duke University Press, 2014.Google Scholar
  14. Nietzsche, Friedrich. The Gay Science. Translated by Josefine Nauckhoff. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.Google Scholar
  15. Nightingale, Andrea Wilson. Spectacles of Truth in Classical Greek Philosophy: Theoria in Its Cultural Context. Cambridge University Press, 2004.Google Scholar
  16. Rockström, Johan et al., “A Safe Operating Space for Humanity,” Nature 461 (2009): 472–475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Scott, Charles. The Question of Ethics: Nietzsche, Foucault, Heidegger. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.Google Scholar
  18. Singer, Peter. The Expanding Circle: Ethics and Sociobiology. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1981.Google Scholar
  19. Van Dooren, Thom. Flight Ways: Life and Loss at the Edge of Extinction. New York: Columbia University Press, 2014.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew Calarco
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyCalifornia State UniversityFullertonUSA

Personalised recommendations