Living Bone Implants of Bamboo Corals Origin
The structure of Porites, widely applied coral, can be compared to cancellous bone, and their mechanical features also resemble the bone properties. Porites exoskeletons which can be assumed as scaffolds with high amount of calcium carbonate are osteoconductive, biocompatible and biodegradable what is related to the porosity of exoskeleton, species and the inoculation site. Due to their microarchitecture and joint-like anatomy octocorals belonging to the Isididae family remain to be perspective model organisms for biomedicine. Thus, the development of biotechnological cultivation processes of Isididae corals according to the aquacultural conditions to obtain “living bone implants” is the next challenging task.
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