Hierarchical Biological Materials

  • Hermann Ehrlich
Part of the Biologically-Inspired Systems book series (BISY, volume 13)


Today bioinspiration stimulates the development of new generation of advanced functional materials and constructs with sophisticated architecture and exceptional properties. Due to large diversity, marine invertebrates (i.e. radiolarians; diatoms; molluscs; corals and sponges) are inexhaustible source of inspiration for development of different types of rigid; and flexible materials. Their biomineralized cellular tissues with anastomosing hierarchical complex microstructure combine high strength and stiffness with low weight. Cellular materials can be assumed as multiphase composites that comprise of the fluid and solid phases, while this fluid has gaseous nature. From the morphological point of view, these cellular composites can be divided into 2-D solids, like honeycomb structures comprising hexagonal cells, as well as 3-D foams, like sponges.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann Ehrlich
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Electronic and Sensor MaterialsTU Bergakademie FreibergFreibergGermany

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