Extreme Biomimetics

  • Hermann Ehrlich
Part of the Biologically-Inspired Systems book series (BISY, volume 13)


The origins of extreme biomineralization are found in the first ancestral unicellular organisms that evolved under the harsh environmental conditions of ancient oceans. Such conditions also allowed adaptation of unique extremophilic and polyextremophilic biomineralizers, which are still found today Psychrophilic, thermophilic, anaerobic, alkaliphilic, acidophilic, and halophilic conditions, as well as forced biomineralization arising in environments with very high or toxic metal ion concentrations are considered. In most cases the mechanisms of these special biomineralogical phenomena remain unknown. Nevertheless, extreme biomineralization provides crucial information for progression in extreme biomimetics. This exciting area of modern research could be the next step in creating the next generation of composites using organic-templating materials of marine invertebrates origin under biologically extreme laboratory conditions.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann Ehrlich
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Electronic and Sensor MaterialsTU Bergakademie FreibergFreibergGermany

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