Parallel to calcified hard tissues, halogen- and metal–halogen-based biological materials are to be found in diverse marine invertebrates. There is still lack on information about the diversity in form and structure, biosynthesis, genetics their role in the evolution, ecology and behaviour, of invertebrates habituating in marine environments. This chapter is dedicated to few selected examples (jaws of polychaete and halogenated cuticles of crustaceans) of halogen-based biological materials of marine origin.
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